Rocking it in METEORA: Monasteries and Beyond

I must admit that till the moment I began to plan my trip to Greece, to me, Meteora was not a mesmerizing place packed with monasteries.

Holy Trinity Monastery at Meteora, Greece
The Holy Trinity Monastery is not the largest of the six remaining cloisters, however, the most picturesquely positioned one.

It was just the name of my favorite CD by one of my favorite bands, Linkin Park.

Since last Christmas, I know better; much better: Meteora is a rock formation in central Greece, about 350 kilometers north of Athens. It is famous for one of the largest complexes of monasteries.

So my initial rock-band reference was not that mistaken, after all: Meteora is rocking – big time!

Travelling solo to Meteora

I came from Athens, but on my way to Meteora, I wanted to insert a stop at Delphi. Therefore, my trip to Kalambaka, one of the two settlements next to Meteora, started at Delphi’s bus stop. It is marked in immaculately painted letters on the wall of a restaurant. Besides Souvlaki and Retsina, they also sell bus tickets.

Bus Station in Delphi Greece
A writing on the wall – who needs more when it comes to bus stops?

It was Monday morning, one day before Christmas eve. The bus came a couple of minutes ahead of schedule – and it was completely empty. I mean, obviously, there was a driver. And me. No one else. We took off.

Listening to a Greek radio station winding up and down the curvy road, the friendly driver tried to hold a conversation. This was not easy due to the fact that he seemed to speak exclusively Greek. That’s a language that limits me to say about ten set phrases.

Breaking Bread and…

He gave up on the conversation, but not on communication. As he wasn’t able to entertain me, he decided to feed me. Opening a big bag of what turned out to be some very dry and hard breadsticks, he forced this baked to wood goods on me and didn’t accept any excuse not to take at least two. These breadsticks where huge. And hard. Not bad or completely tasteless. But they didn’t tickle my tastebuds, either.

I ate one.

Renata Green on the bus from Delphi.
I’m definitely a solo-traveller – taking travelling alone to a whole different level.

The moment I finished, the good driver forced me to take another one. I didn’t want any more wood. He insisted – and since while imposing more breadsticks on me, he didn’t look on the road that was winding down in serpentines, I thought it would be better to take one. Quickly.

…Taking a Break

As we got to Lamia, this sweet man pointed at me and asked ‘kafés’?

Albeit, if he had written me a note, I’m sure he would have put rather an exclamation mark behind this word.

Actually, I felt like having a coffee-based beverage. Something not too strong with about the same amount of milk as the brew.

There was no way of explaining this to him.

I was afraid if I just said yes, he might bring me some very black and extremely sweet brew. Then, I had to drink it just to be polite although I would hate it.

I politely declined.

He came back from the counter sipping from a small paper cup some very black and probably extremely sweet brew. He handed me a small bottle of water.

Apparently, it was impossible for him to leave me empty-handed.

What a sweet, sweet man.

Also, at Lamia, we were joined by an elderly couple. This was great on so many levels: Firstly, the sweet, sweet man had finally someone to talk to. Secondly, the sweet, sweet man had two other people to feed his woody bread. And thirdly, the elderly gentleman crossed himself at every church we passed. I was sure the blessing would include our entire party of four.

Kalambaka and Kastraki

And it obviously did, since we made it to Kalambaka not only on time, but also just fine.

Kalambaka and surroundings in Meteora, Greece
The surroundings of Kalambaka are just breathtaking – especially when you explore them hiking.

The city of Kalambaka lies at the foot of the Meteora monasteries. It has a bit over 8,000 inhabitants and shines through its surroundings. There is one main road where almost all the hotels and restaurants and many stores are located and a couple of side streets. Hence, the hidden beauty of Kalambaka will certainly not distract you from visiting the main attractions. Those are clearly the surrounding mountains and most of all the monasteries.

Holy Temple of Dormition of the Virgin Mary im Kalambaka, Meteora, Greece
The Holy Temple of Dormition of the Virgin Mary was actually built already around the 5th century. Visiting costs only 2 €uros.

A short walk from Kalambaka lies the village of Kastraki. It is slightly more alluring than its big sister – but this might also be because it’s simply much smaller.

Village of Kastraki below the Monastry of Meteora
The village of Kastraki just underneath the Great Meteoron Holy Monastery of the Transfiguration of the Saviour.

Anyway, getting to Meteora by public transport, you’ll arrive in Kalambaka since that’s where the bus- and train station are located.

Gathering Point of the Faithful

The first hermits are said to have arrived in the region around the 9th century. By the end of the 11th century, they established a small community. Yes, they lived isolated in their caves. Nevertheless, they attended gatherings – for religious but also for security reasons. They even built a small church that they dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

Hermite caves at Meteora, Greece
The ancient caves where the hermit monks used to live. As a solo traveller, I can totally relate.

Over the following centuries, those pious men became a tad more sociable and united. Hence, they began to build the first monasteries. Since they didn’t want to overdo it with sociability, they chose the tops of the limestone mountains. These places were exposed only to the weather elements but not to the equally rough enemies.

Building Castles in the Sky

There used to be 24 monasteries built on immense natural pillars, purposely difficult to access. The monks wanted to live undisturbed by worldly troubles and most of all retreat from the Ottoman occupation.

Choosing these hardly accessible places for their abodes was certainly a brilliant idea. However, the only way to get building materials to the top of the rocks was by using ladders, ropes, and baskets. The place totally deserved to be added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.

View of the Great Monastry and Kalambaka in Meteora
The Great Meteoron Holy Monastery of the Transfiguration of the Saviour is definitely….great.

Today, the six remaining architectural pieces of art can be visited in a much more comfortable way. You should opt for a guided tour where you are taught about all the fascinating details.

According to my amazing guide Vasilis, tourism really got cracking after the James Bond movie For Your Eyes Only was shot here. Since then, more and more people want to witness this natural and cultural wonder themselves.

Even during Christmas time, when I expected Meteora to be kind of deserted, the place was….rocking; yap, pun intended.

Renata Green on the Observation Platform in Meteora
However, as we were waiting on the best observation spot for the sun to set, Vasilis informed us that in high season, there are about 200 people lining up to get a view of this amazing spectacle.
When I was there in winter, there were about ten of us.

Visiting the Monasteries from East to West

Monastery of St. Stephen

The monastery of St. Stephen is located on the southeast side above the city of Kalambaka. Actually, it’s easy to get there walking if you prefer to visit it on your own. You hike up the trail that starts behind the old Byzantine church and leads to the Holy Trinity Monastery (see below). Instead of – or after – visiting the Holy Trinity, you walk up the paved street to the road. Five minutes later, you arrive at St. Stephen. Although there is not much traffic on the road, walk carefully.

St. Stephens Monastery in Meteora, Greece
From monastery to a nunnery: St. Stephens above Kalambaka.

Once you get to St. Stephen, access over a small stone bridge is easy.

The entrance fee is 3 €uros and ladies in pants have to borrow one of the wrap skirts.

wrap skirts a the nunnery of st. stephens in meteora
Can anybody explain why all the ladies have to put on some wrap skirts while visiting – even when they are wearing long, loose pants? It cannot be for modesty since you have to put them on even at the Monastery of St. Stephen, which is actually a nunnery.

From the lovely courtyard, you have a fantastic panoramic view over all of Kalambaka and the mountain ridge with the snow-covered tops.

View from St. Stephen in Meteora, Greece
View of Kalambaka and beyond from Saint Stephen’s courtyard.

There is an old church that opens only twice a year and even then exclusively to monks. However, the adjacent refectory houses a small museum that, of course, can be visited.

The new church from 1798 can – and should – be visited. Mind you, in the 1980th, Vlasios Tsotsonis painted the walls in a beautiful Byzantine style.

Nuns at the St. Stephens Monastery
Guess the new black is….black.

Although St. Stephen was inhabited by monks from the late 12th century, since 1961, there is a sisterhood of about two dozen nuns living on the premises.

Holy Trinity Monastery

The monastery of the Holy Trinity is Meteora’s poster girl. Its picturesque position on top of a narrow rock is the most photographed of the structures. And it looks alluring, indeed.

Holy Trinity Monastery seen through a mobile phone camera
No visitor leaves Meteora without a picture of the Holy Trinity Superstar.

This monastery was probably built in the 15th century. As in all the monasteries, the church walls are decorated with frescos. Those at the Holy Trinity were painted by priest Antonios and his brother Nicholas mid of the 18th century.

Runner on the trail down from the Holy Trinity Monastery
Way to stay fit: There are actually people running the trails up and down every day. Anyway, this paved trail is the last part of the way up to the road.

As I explained, you can relatively easily walk up the hill from Kalambaka. However, to get to the top, another 145 carved steps are waiting to be climbed.

Holy Trinity Monastery in Meteora
Monastery of the Holy Trinity:  For Mr. James Bond’s eyes only – since when I wanted to visit, it was closed.

Once you reach the highest point of the rock, you are rewarded with a grand view of the other monasteries and mountains.

Ropeway going to the Holy Trinity Monastery
Today, it’s much easier to access the monastery. However, this ropeway is not for visitors.

There were more than 50 Eastern Orthodox monks living in this mesmerizing place. However, today, it’s home to only 5 pious men.

Monastery of Roussanou

The women’s Monastery Roussanou – also known as Sta. Barbara Roussanou – does not deem like a building complex spread over a mountaintop. It seems to be the genuine top of a vertical, steep, and quite narrow rock.

Monastery of Rousanou in Meteora, Greece
For the ladies in the house.

This monastery was founded in the late 14th century. In the early 16th century, as the monks brothers Ioasaph and Maximus from Ioannina intended to settle on the Roussanou rock, they found it in ruins. Although at that time, the rock was only accessible by rope ladders and nets, they got to build the monastery.

Today, it can be reached over two bridges.

As at all of the monasteries, women were denied entry for the longest time. Nonetheless, today, Roussanou is home to 14 nuns.

Monastery of Varlaam

Varlaam is named after a hermit who inhabited the rock in the 14th century.

In the 16th century, another couple of brothers from Ioannina, Theophanes and Nektarios Apsaras, renovated the structures. Fun fact: It took them 22 years to get all the building materials to the site. They were using ropes, pulleys, and baskets. Eventually, the actual construction work was done in 20 days!

In the 19th century, steps were first carved into the rock and since then altered several times.

Court at the Monastery of Varlaam
Preeminent structures at the Monastery of Varlaam.

Today’s visitors have it easy to visit. There is even a parking lot in front of the complex. It can then be accessed by a narrow bridge from the main road.

monastery of varlaam in meteora
Charming views wherever you look.

Today, the monastery is inhabited by seven monks.

Painting from the 16th and 17th century at the Monastery Varlaam in Meteora, Greece
Looks almost like a triptych but isn’t even from the same century: The Three Hierarchs from the 16th century, Virgin Holding the Christ Child, and Saints George and Demetrios from the 17th century. All the authors are unknown.

Apart from the church that is lavishly decorated with beautiful – and also some pretty intimidating – frescos, one of the most interesting parts is the museum where you get to see relics, vestments, and paintings.

Candles at the Monastery of Varlaam, Meteora, Greece
Burning candles at Varlaam’s refectory.

The Great Meteoron Holy Monastery of the Transfiguration of the Saviour

The Monastery of Great Meteoron is the place of superlatives. It is not only located on the highest rock, but also the largest group of buildings. Also, it occupies a leading position within the monastic system of Meteora.

The Great Meteoron Holy Monastery of the Transfiguration of the Saviour at Meteora, Greece
From afar, the Great Meteoron almost looks like a small village. Amazingly, this huge complex is inhabited by only three monks!

The Great Meteoron was founded mid of the 14th century by Saint Athanasios the Meteorite. He also installed the local monastic system.

He was followed by Ioasaph, son of the Greek Serbian King of Thessaly. Instead of remaining as his father’s successor on the throne,  Ioasaph became a monk at the monastery of the Great Meteoron.

Today, Athanasios and Ioasaph are regarded as Saints and are honored on April 20.

I’ve only heard that the Great Meteoron functioned uninterruptedly as a monastery and houses an important part of valuables cultural and religious treasures. Just like at the smaller monasteries, there are precious churches with remarkable frescos. Also, at the sacristy are the skulls of former monks exhibited on a shelf.

Unfortunately, the Great Meteoron was one of the monasteries that I was not able to visit. If there wasn’t any other reason to visit Meteora again, this alone would do.

Holy Monastery of Saint Nicholas Anapafsas

Sadly, I wasn’t able to visit the Great Meteoron. However, on my wonderful sunset tour, Saint Nicholas Anapafsas was the first hill we climbed. While the other monasteries have their heads up in the clouds, Saint Nicholas Anapafsas is pretty much down to earth. Although it is on the lowest rock, you have to do some serious climbing – maybe like up to a 6th or 7th floor without an elevator.

Before our group made it there, hermits had already reached the rock in the early 14th century – judging from some frescoes painted in the St. Antony chapel on the first floor.

The monastery was renovated in the very early 16th century. It was also then that the present church was added. Inside is an incredibly beautiful treasure: Lavish frescoes, painted by the famous painter Theophanes Strelitzas, also known as Theophanes the Cretan, being one of the most important representatives of the Cretan school. Another one would be no lesser than Mister Doménikos Theotokópoulos aka El Greco.

Saint Nicholas of Anapafsas monastery in Meteora
Beautiful little Saint Nicholas Anapafsas, wrapped around the top of the rock.

Saint Nicholas Anapafsas is also worth the visit for its outstanding design. Since there is very little room on the top of the rock, the monastery was constructed basically wrapped around the rock’s upper part in the shape of a rectangular building with various levels.

Frescoes at the Holy Monastery of Saint Nicholas Anapafsas at Meteora, Greece
Impressive post-Byzantine frescoes inside the Holy Monastery of Saint Nicholas Anapafsas.

Practical Information

How to Get There

There is a daily intercity connection to Athens and regional trains to Paleofarsalos on the Piraeus-Thessaloniki line. You can check schedules and prices on TrainOSE’s website. The ride takes about 4 to 5 hours from Athens and about 3 hours from Thessaloniki. Tickets start at less than 20 €uro one way.

Since on my way from Athens, I had a stopover at Delphi, I took a bus there. From Monday to Saturday, there’s a bus at 9.30 a.m. that gets to Kalambaka at 1.30 p.m. On Sunday, it leaves at  3.15 p.m. and gets there at 9 p.m. To get back to Delphi, during the week, the bus leaves also at 9.30 a.m. On Sundays only at 4 p.m.

The bus company is called KTEL – do not pronounce it kay-tel like the record company from the 1970s, but in one word. You can buy tickets online – as well as train tickets.

How to Get Around

Since Meteora is all about getting to the viewpoints and monasteries, I really recommend joining a tour. Especially if you have a limited amount of time and are not a true-born billygoat.

Even when joining a very comfortable tour by van, you have to do some climbing – and be it only the stairs up to Saint Nicholas Anapafsas – and walking.

If you are halfway fit, a hiking tour, obviously, brings you closer to amazing nature. This is, of course, a more traditional way of visiting these places.

Two people hiking Meteora with the Great Monastery in the background
“Oh look, it’s Great Meteoron Holy Monastery – we’re almost there.” For safety reasons and because it’s far more informative, hiking with a local guide is highly recommended.

Actually, if you have only one day for Meteora, you can even join both tours. The hike starts at 8.30 a.m. and ends at 1.30 p.m. Then, after a refreshing lunch, you can hop on the van that drives you into the sunset.

For further info on the different tours and to make a reservation, check the website of the very experienced and professional company Visit Meteora.

I was amazed how – besides being highly knowledgeable – my guides Vassilis and Christos were still so passionate about Meteora’s history and the beautiful sceneries.

Visit Meteora
Patriarchou Dimitriou2
Phone: +30 – 24320 – 238 20

As a matter of fact, especially the monasteries of the Holy Trinity and the nunnery of St. Stephens can be easily visited individually by hiking from Kalambaka.

Renata Green in a tree trunk
Miracles are happening everywhere in Meteora.

Behind the old Byzantine church leads a relatively easy trail up to the Holy Trinity. From there you can – carefully – walk the road five minutes southeast to St. Stephen.

Where to Stay

Presuming you’re not a hermit who will book himself in one of the abandoned caves, you’ll find a very convenient tourist structure at Kalambaka as well as at Kastraki. However, mind you since it’s a very touristy spot, prices are a bit higher than in other places. Nevertheless, during high season and public holidays, early reservation is recommended.

I stayed at the Toti Boutique Hotel and, unfortunately, cannot recommend it, mainly for the really negligent service. Therefore, I suggest you check the below rates and the availability of other accommodations like for instance the Divani Meteora*. I met people who stayed there and they were very happy with their choice.*

Where to Eat

Of course, there is a number of restaurants and taverns – with not much variety. The standard souvlaki, gyros, and moussaka are of hardly tolerable quality.

For a tasty snack like stuffed pitas for about 2 €uros a piece, check out Chicken Time. But don’t rush since they are open every day from 8 a.m. to 3 a.m.

Another good place for breakfast or a snack is Octo Coffee & Breakfast just one bloc up from Chicken Time. Especially their sandwiches are a great value for money. Make sure to order the one with Greek cheese, olives, and tomatoes for less than 3 €uros, it’s big’n’tasty. Octo opens at 7 a.m. respectively at 9 a.m. on weekends and closes at 11.30 p.m.


Until now, 20 European countries replaced their former local currency with the €uro starting in 2002. Obviously, Greece is one of them. The exchange rate is 1 US$ = 0.92 EUR as of March 2024. However, you can check today’s conversion rate on this page.

Euro coins and bills as well as credit dards


Not all Greek people have a great command of the English language. However, most speak it pretty well, especially the younger folks. The English of both my guides was great.

You know that Greek is written in Greek letters, right? While most relevant signs are also written in Latin letters, I did come across some stuff that was exclusively in Greek. Therefore, it doesn’t hurt to familiarize yourself at least with the Greek capital letters – and, of course, a translator app will save you.

However, it is a friendly gesture and appreciated by everyone when you are able to say good day – kalimera, good afternoon – kalispera, hello – yassas, thank you – efcharisto, and please respectively you’re welcome – parakalo. Fun fact: Ne means yes, although it sounds like a casual no; no would be ochi (pronounced rather like ohi than oshi).

Greek Alphabet

Upper Case LetterLower Case LetterGreek Name English Name
Σσ,ς Sigmas


On this map, you can see where all the wonderful monasteries and other places I’m introducing in this post are located. This way, you can plan your itinerary accordingly.
Clicking on the slider symbol at the top left or the full-screen icon at the top right will display the whole map including the legend.

Pinnable Pictures

If you choose to pin this post for later, please use one of these pictures:

Note: I’m completing, editing, and updating this post regularly – last in March 2024.

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Disclaimer: * This is an affiliate link. If you book through this page, not only do you get the best deal. I also get a small commission that helps me run this blog. Thank you so much for supporting me!
I’m very grateful that Visit Meteora made it possible for me to experience their sunset tour as well as the hike. Also – in accordance with my fellow visitors – I must say that both tours were a wonderful experience – mainly due to the knowledgeable, caring, patient, and fun guides Vasilis and Costas. However, all opinions on these services are mine and weren’t by any means influenced by my cooperation partner.

51 Replies to “Rocking it in METEORA: Monasteries and Beyond”

  1. Great post Renata, I absolutely love Greece after working there so many years it holds a special place in my heart. Really helpful to know the bus can be taken from athens, we had a car but could have opted for this if we had known (and saved some pennies). Meteora is stunning, there are some other monastries in greece that are on top of rock formations and on the side of cliffs which are similar but more remote. I think you would love them too.

  2. Oh man, being force fed food you don’t like with a language barrier is one of the worst things! I had the same thing happen in a Greek restaurant in Germany a few years ago. I’m glad it didn’t set the tone for the rest of your trip to Meteora though!

  3. Wow I had never heard of this area until this morning reading this! I can’t believe I’ve been missing out on having this on my list of travel todo! I love how beautiful and unique all of the buildings look from your photos here.

  4. Should have been here this week but hey Ryan Air cancelled my flights and hey Covid! Looks even more gorgeous in your photos than I imagined. I love the look of the little Saint Nicholas Anapafsas – didn’t know about that one! Ah well, fingers crossed for next year.

    1. Oh gosh – I so feel you! I guess this year, we all should have been…somewhere we didn’t make it to 🙁 Me, it was Oslo and Morocco – and many other places.

  5. We will need to plan to visit Meteora the next time we are in Athens. I never knew it was so close. Good to know that the real attraction is the mountains and monasteries and less the town of Kalambaka. Although the towns sure look pretty situated with that background. As a civil engineer I always look at places built at the top of rock pedestals with wonder at the effort to do the construction. I would definitely want a guide to learn more about each of the monasteries. Good to know it can be done as a day tour.

  6. This looks incredible! Would love to add this to our future travels as we have talked about hopefully visiting Greece some day. It sounds like you had an interesting experience there too!

  7. That first picture made my heart leap into my throat. My first thought was I would fall off. Such a great post and would definitely love to see this in person.

  8. Now, I am putting Greece on the top of my list of places to visit. Thanks for sharing with us.

  9. What a fascinating place! fro the views to the monasteries & the stories behind them, I think it looks like a beautiful & really interesting place to visit. And love the generosity of the lovely bus driver – very sweet!

  10. Oh I love Greece!
    We visited the Monastery of Filermo when we visited Rhodes, and it was an amazing old building with some supercool hostory of St John 🙂
    I cant wait to get back to traveling abroad again!

  11. Wow, true that I don’t think Meteora is the first place that comes to mind when planning a trip to Greece; so thank you for sharing some places that are not exactly on the travel radar and it really has a stunning monastery!

  12. Thank you for sharing your travel experience around Meteora. It looks amazing and the monastery looks so mysterious. My husband is 25% Greek and hopes we can visit this place 🙂

  13. /oh my, what a beautiful part of Greece you have shared here. I absolutely love love history and these monasteries are incredible. I am in love with your photo of the beautiful little Saint Nicholas Anapafsas – how pretty is that. You have had an amazing trip here and thank you for sharing this. I would not have known otherwise and now securing a firm spot on my Greece itinerary when I visit.

    1. You would enjoy it so much. Somehow this eternal vibe rubs off and slows you down – there’s a very special atmosphere around Meteora.

  14. those monasteries,are they greek orhodox…been to different ports of greece ,,,santorini is great…in rhodes they have a very nice beach about 15 min walk from the port…but of course athens where i usually eat in a local resto,,,beer and kebabs…theres no way i will miss it

  15. This looks like an incredible trip! What rich history in that place! I hope you get to see the Monastery of the Holy Trinity one day! Visiting Greece is definitely on my bucket list.

  16. I have always thought of Greece as being mostly beaches, so it was interesting for me to see this part of the country. Your pictures are beautiful. It looks like you had a great time!

  17. Meteora is unquestionably a beautiful region to explore. While it is understandably well known for its monasteries, it is the broader natural beauty that appeals to me. I would love to visit here one day and thanks for including the broader transport, food, and accommodation options that are available.

    1. Before I went to Greece for the first time last winter, I also thought it was exclusively about the islands – man, was I wrong 🙂

  18. Wow!! This looks absolutely amazing and you must have had the most incredible journey. Your photos are incredible. I would love to see those hidden caves someday! I would love to visit in general haha! Thank you so much for taking us along virtually when we aren’t able to travel as much right now. Such a lovely post <3

  19. I love the whole Greece, but Meteora is my most favourite part of the country. It’s just unbelievable how the monasteries were built. And how they fit perfectly into the countryside. On a wall, I still have a framed picture bought in Kalambaka 2 decades ago. Your lovely photos inspired me to revisit 🙂

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