Guide to SANTIAGO – Cape Verde ‘s main island

Cape Verde is often described as Africa light – and its main island Santiago, which I’m introducing in this comprehensive guide, is culturally closest to the African continent.

Men overlooking the Bay at the city of Praia on the island of Santiago, Cape Verde
Overlooking the Praia Negra in Cape Verde’s capital Praia.

Nevertheless, many places on the archipelago of Cape Verde will rather remind you of the Canary Islands than of an African country. Hence, although Cape Verde’s capital Praia is the most African city of them all, it has a familiar feel to it – with a dash of Caribbean vibes.


Santiago is the largest yet one of the least touristy ones of the Cape Verde islands. It has a quite fast-growing population of almost 300,000 inhabitants. About half of those people live in the capital city Praia – which, funny enough, translates to beach.

The Platô behind Praia Gamboa on the Island of Santiago
The Platô behind Praia Gamboa, one of the nicer city beaches.

Arriving in Praia, the city should not be that overwhelming. It actually doesn’t deem overcrowded and hectic as other capital cities do. Especially the sophisticated Platô allows the first steps into the region and softens the culture shock. It is Praia’s historic, administrative, financial, and cultural center, located uphill on a…plateau,

Praia does not have many classic tourist attractions to offer. However, I enjoyed the vibe a lot and felt very comfortable from the moment I set foot on the island.


There are colorful African markets. A smaller farmers market is right on the Platô. Then, there is the Mercado de Sucupira which is located behind the Platô on the lower level. This market is far bigger and much more vivid.

Mercado Municipal on the Platô on the Island of Santiago.
Mercado Municipal on the Platô.  

There is a handful of nice restaurants and bars around the center of the Platô.

It is certainly not recommendable to venture in the dark in the neighborhoods outside the Platô; and, as a matter of fact, they don’t have anything really overwhelming to offer to visitors.

Beaches Around a City Called Beach

Praia has a couple of beaches and they are like many city beaches: okay, but not really great. However, if you have only a little time and want to spend a couple of hours on the beach without any further ado, the best option is Praia Quebra Canela west of the lighthouse or the cozy Prainha, which translates to small beach and says it all.

Locals playing soccer on one of the Praia's city beaches in the backdrop of the lighthouse.
Locals enjoying the beach life on Prainha with a view of the Farol Maria Pia, the lighthouse with a truly beautiful name.

If you want to enjoy nicer beaches, you should rather leave the city and go to the northern shores. Take a minibus at the Mercado de Sucupira that will take you in about two hours to Tarrafal. However, we get to that later.

The Mercado de Sucupira in Praia on the Island of Santiago
The very authentic Mercado de Sucupira – certainly no tourist trap…

Actually, this is a trip everyone should take since you are crossing the entire island. This way, you get to see most of the interesting places such as…


Assomada has almost 14,000 inhabitants. This makes it – believe it or not – Cape Verde’s third-largest city – after Praia and Mindelo.

People walking the streets of Assomada.
Colorful attires on the cobblestone streets of Assomada.

There is an inevitable market in the center – less bustling than those in Praia – founded in 1931. It is one of the largest on the island of Santiago, with a large variety of agricultural products and crafts.

Mercado Municipal of Assomada.
Supposedly a must-see: The Mercado Municipal of Assomada.

Boa Entrada – The Gates to Beauty

Leaving the town towards the northern outskirts takes you to Boa Entrada.

Green hills of Boa Entrada on the Island of Santiago
I guess they are right: The other man’s village is always greener….

Walking down to the settlement, you can admire the Poilón, an old, huge Kapok tree, already from far.

Rastaman at Boa Entrada on the Island of Santiago.
…but as a matter of fact, there are far more unusual sights to be seen at Boa Entrada.

Serra Malagueta

An amazing experience is a hike through the Serra Malagueta. In this mountainous region, the Rebelados, rebels opposing the colonial occupants, used to hide and still live in their traditional way.

Since this hike, which takes an entire day, is not so very easy, you should make sure to go with a local guide.

From Assomada, you can take an Aluguer to the Serra village where the hike begins – or you just tell the minibus driver to drop you off there.


To continue to Tarrafal, the northernmost city, just take another bus at Assomada, and off you go through the lush landscape of the Serra Malagueta to the left and right of the freeway.

Tarrafal is mainly famous for two things – a nice one and one that’s not nice at all:

Museu da Resistência

About 1,5  kilometers resp. 1 mile before you reach Tarrafal’s city limits, west of the highway towards the Atlantic ocean is the istência. Shockingly, this former concentration camp was also referred to as Campo da Morte Lenta which translates to Camp of the Slow Death.

Museu da Resistência close to Tarrafal on the Island of Santiago
The Museu da Resistência focuses on one of the darkest chapters of Cape Verde’s history.
(Photo: CorreiaPM, TarrafalEdificios, cropped to 2:3, , CC0 1.0)

This prison camp was established by the Portuguese dictator António de Oliveira Salazar to imprison opponents of Portugal’s right-wing totalitarian regime. It actually followed the concept of the concentration camps in WWII.

Due to national and international pressure, the camp was closed in 1954. Sadly, in 1961, Adriano Moreira, the Minister of the Overseas Provinces, ordered to reopen it. It now became a forced labor camp for Africans from Portuguese colonies opposing the country’s colonialism.

Luckily, after Cape Verde’s independence in 1975, it was definitively closed and is today a memorial and a museum.

The museum does not have a website, but you’ll find them on facebook.

Life is a Beach

But I still owe you the nice thing that Tarrafal is known for and that would be the beach.

It is located in the north of the town – a very natural yet clean stretch of sand, overtowered by a couple of nice restaurants.

Beach of Tarrafal
The beach of Tarrafal on a Sunday: Definitely not too crowded.

While I loved the islands a big deal, I was surprised at how boring the food was.

However, one of the best places I ate at during my whole trip was the restaurant Baia Verde above the beach of Tarrafal.

Food at a restaurant at Baia Verde in Tarrafal
Nope, this portion was not for a family of four, it was my supper; and mine alone!

Ribeira Grande de Santiago

A different bus takes you in about half an hour from Praia to Cidade Velha, since 2005 officially called Ribeira Grande de Santiago, where Cape Verde’s horrific history can be traced back.

Mind you, the atoll was uninhabited until in 1461 the good people from Portugal came and eventually started the slave trade between 1500 and 1620.

Grass overgrown structures of Rua Banana at Ribeira Grande
The grass-overgrown structures of Rua Banana.

The island – notably Ribeira Grande – functioned as a cruel stopover where the kidnapped Africans were trained: Obviously, this means that those poor people were broken to become compliant slaves. Eventually, they were shipped to the New World.

Since June 2009 Cidade Velha is on the Unesco World Heritage List, thus the terrible Pelourinho – which translates to pillar – is still standing in the village’s center – now as a memorial.

Pelourinho at Ribeira Grande on the Island of Santiago
Witness of a dark past: The Pelourinho, a marble pillar that was erected in the early 16th century. It was here where rebellious slaves were publicly punished.
(Photo: CayambeCidade Velha Pelourinho square b 2011CC BY-SA 3.0)  
Rua Banana at Cidade Velha
Rua Banana, Cidade Velha’s charming old alley.

It’s absolutely not worth it to do any of these trips on an organized tour since the minibusses go permanently and you certainly won’t get stuck.

View of Cidade Velha from the Forte Real de São Felipe
View of Cidade Velha from the Forte Real de São Felipe, the former Royal Fortification which, by the way, is only worth the climb for the view.

Practical Information

How to Get There

All the international charter flights are going to the island of Sal or at least Boa Vista. However, Santiago is the main island so regular international flights for instance from Lisbon are coming into the Nelson Mandela International Airport in Cape Verde’s capital Praia.

From there, you can get uptown by cab. I’m writing it like this since the airport is on the city’s lower level while the real city center is on the so-called Platô, the historic, administrative, financial, and cultural center of Praia.

How to Get Around

Once in Cape Verde, the most convenient way to travel from island to island is, obviously, flying. At this moment, the best option seems to be going by Binter, a Spanish airline serving mainly the Canary Islands, but also other destinations in that region, i. e. also North and Northwest Africa.

However, not every island has an airport, hence, there are ferries connecting all the islands.

You can check the ferry schedule on their website, but stay flexible and avoid at any cost tight schedules at the end of your stay when you depend on reliable transport to an international airport.

There is a good system of public transportation in Santiago. Mini-busses cruise around the centers of the cities such as Praia, Assomada, or Tarrafal until they find enough passengers – and then off they race!

During the day, busses are plenty so you shouldn’t get stuck if you go on a day trip.

Where to Stay

Since I wanted to stay close to the action – whatever this means in sleepy Praia – I chose to stay on the Platô.

But again: Cape Verde is not a very cheap country to travel – hotel prices are generally about the same as in Southern Europe.

Especially if you arrive late at the airport – or port – of Praia, make sure that your accommodation sends a taxi to pick you up. I don’t want to make you paranoid, but better safe than sorry.

You can look for accommodation here*

Where to Eat

Honestly, besides the restaurant in Tarrafal that I’m mentioning above, I cannot really recommend an eatery. However, I recommend being a bit careful of what you are touching and what you are eating.

I was just blown away by the number of flies that are everywhere – and move from anything to everything.

Actually, Cape Verde was the only place of all my trips where I got really, really sick.

What to See

I’m an avid solo-travelling woman. Since solo travel doesn’t equal solitude, I love to join organized tours here and there. They allow me to meet fellow travellers – for just a short moment or a lifelong friendship.

Therefore, here are some great ideas of what to do during your stay in Santiago. Exploring the island with a qualified guide will help you make the best of your stay in a safe and efficient way*:


Another remnant from the Portuguese colonial times is the name of the local currency which is called – just like in Portugal until the installment of the €uro – Escudo respectively Escudo de Cabo Verde, abbreviated CVE. For 1 US$ you get 105 CVE, and for a €uro 110 CVE (as of November 2022). You can check the current rate here.

Bills from Cape Verde
They don’t have only one of the most beautiful countries, they also have the most beautiful money, decorated with poems by local poet and musician Eugénio Tavares – and his portrait on the other side.

Credit cards are not as widely accepted as e. g. in Europe or Asia, even some small guest houses do take only cash. Some businesses add a small percentage if you pay by credit card – which can become a quite high amount if you pay for instance for a couple of nights at a hotel.

There are ATMs on the Island of Santiago so you won’t have a problem getting cash.

Some businesses even accept €uros, however, there usually is a disproportionate surcharge. Pre-payment of hotels, for instance, is therefore advisable.


As Cape Verde used to be a Portuguese colony, the official language is Portuguese, but people speak krioulo. This is a local patois and, like many dialects, differs a tiny bit even from island to island.

People do speak some English and French, but it is certainly helpful to have some basic knowledge of the local language.

Before my trip, I’d practiced using babbel. The first lesson is free and supplies you with the most important words to interact with people.

Do you want to read about all the other beautiful islands I’ve visited in Cape Verde? Then go to the main post and take your pick.

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23 Replies to “Guide to SANTIAGO – Cape Verde ‘s main island”

  1. I read such good things about Cape Verde and this just proves it more! Santiago looks so lush, colorful and everything I would expect from this African island. Your portion was so big for one person, it definitely seems like a economical place to visit! Great photos and info as always.

  2. So interesting to read that Cape Verde is referred to as “Africa Light”. But that Santiago offers the closest cultural match. That first view of Praia with the beaches, clear blue waters and colourful houses would charm me for sure. And I would be totally ok with limited classic tourist attractions. Markets, beaches, great outdoor spots would all keep me very happy.

  3. Awesome places. do you think the food would be safe from covid buying from marketing when going there?

    1. I wouldn’t worry ’bout covid – I’d be careful regarding food poisoning in general. Hygiene standards are very different from what I know from Europe.

    So after reading your Guide to Brava, I was worried that all the Cape Verde Islands, though beautiful were not for swimming! But I love that there are tons of beautiful and unique beaches or Praias all around Santiago!!
    I love how you captured so many local things to do. You definitely travel like me because I would have hit up the Marcado de Sucupira or any of the other markets in Praia or other towns and villages too!
    As for Cidade Velha, what a beautiful and tragic town. I love how hit looks now and the black sand beach is gorgeous. But the history of the Pelourinho just pains my heart.

  5. This looks like such an amazing place to visit and explore! I love how colorful everything is, great post.

  6. I would love to visit Cabo Verde. I had a friend years ago from there, and she promised to take me there.

  7. cape Verde is indeed beautiful and with the so many destinations you mentioned,I guess this truly is one of the offbeat places to visit. glad to see this post from you

  8. Cape Verde is a beautiful place. I find their local market impressive with many fresh produce options. The beach looks fantastic as well.

  9. This looks amazing! I was laughing when you said that entire meal was not for a family of four. What a great trip

  10. Cape Verde is lovely, I really enjoyed my trip there but missed quite a lot. Was only young and on a short trip. Definitely plan to head back.

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