Guide to VINALES – Cuba ‘s Rural Paradise

Vinales, a couple of hours west of Havana, is Cuba ‘s rural paradise: Still dreamy, but not sleepy anymore. Since from Havana, most travellers pay also Viñales a visit.

Mogotes in the mist in Vinales, Cuba 's Rural Paradise
The early birds catch the worm view: To see the mogotes between the veils of mist, you have to get up early.

And most travellers are right to do so because it’s truly beautiful. Coffee and tobacco, mysterious caves, endless fields, and mist-covered mogotes. Vamonos, hop on your bike and let’s explore pastoral Vinales!

The Colonization

Before the colonization by the Europeans, the indigenous Taíno population lived in the region. Interestingly, the area was colonized at the beginning of the 19th century by tobacco farmers from the Canary Islands.

Then, the town was officially founded in 1879. At that time, there was already a town hall, a school, a church, and the park in the town center.

House and mogote at Vinales, Cuba 's Rural Paradise
The little house on the – Cuban – prairie.

Viñales has less than 30,000 inhabitants – many of whom live and work on small remote farms. Since the opening of Cuba to foreigners, tourism, of course, has become a far more lucrative source of income. Consequently, almost each one of the small, wooden, two storey houses has the famous casa particular sign out.

Picturesque cone karst mountains – so-called mogotes – are rising from the fertile valley floor. They are giving the landscape its mysterious appearance.

Viñales is a cultural monument and the Valley has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1999.

Cuba’s Garden Eden

Honestly, there is not enough to see and to do at the town center. A couple of places to hang out enjoying a snack and a drink. Some stalls selling souvenirs – that’s about it.

People in a carriage at Vinales, Cuba 's Rural Paradise
Viñales – where horse and carriage are not just a tourist attraction.

You don’t come to Viñales for Viñales. You come for the breathtaking surrounding. And those can be best explored by bicycle.

Go West

You can cycle west. Going down the main road, you’ll enjoy the sight of fields and pastures. Few cars and a couple of carriages will pass you by.

Then you turn right to go to the quirky Mural de la Prehistoria. This mural was painted on the wall of the Pita mogote.

The work began in 1961 according to a design by Leovigildo González Morillo. It has a length of 120 meters which makes it one of the biggest open-air paintings in the world. Twenty farmers finished it in four years.

Mural de la Prehistoria at Vinales, Cuba 's Rural Paradise
I like my mogotes rather plain and undecorated.

As you continue on the dust trails between the endless tobacco fields of the Sierra de los Órganos, somewhere on the mountains to your right are living the aquaticos.

Los aquaticos are a community settling way up high in the mountains. The members of this community are strongly believing in the healing powers of water. That seems to work out fine for them since there are actually some centenarians living in the region!

Unfortunately, it’s not so easy to find the right way uphill. People won’t just show you the way since usually, they can charge 8 CUC for guiding you up there.

Man and oxen at Vinales, Cuba 's Rural Paradise
The landscape is sumptuous, the work for men and animals alike will be hard, though.

Maybe you want to agree on a tour with someone your Casa Particular recommends. That way, you probably still pay the 8 CUC but at least they spare you the haggling.

Note I

I’m taking this opportunity to share some experience and my thoughts regarding certain peculiarities many visitors to Cuba encounter.

Sadly, there is a lot of misconception on both sides.
I’ve dedicated an entire post to this topic.

However, I’d like to point out some incidents that might be a bit irritating for Cuba’s newbies.

Do not expect your host or people who you befriend to seriously negotiate a good price for you. Remember, you are a guest that will be parting tomorrow. Their neighbor, colleague, friend, or cousin will stay. Due to the system based on scarcity, these people depend on each other and cannot afford to lose their security net for some passing visitor.

I’ve heard many tourists complain about this. They were for instance all disenchanted that their new friend let the cab driver screw them over. I totally do understand their frustration. But I believe that neither of us can actually imagine how complex everyday life and relationships become in this economy of immense scarcity.


17 kilometers west of Viñales is the Caverna de Santo Tomás, Cuba’s largest cave system with an area of ​​46 kilometers.

However, there are two smaller caves, Cueva de San Miguel and Cueva del Indio, just a couple of kilometers north of Viñales’ town center.

At the Cueva del Indio, a boatman navigates the visitors through the subterranean river. Next to the cave is the Rancho San Vicente, an idyllic, agricultural piece of land.

Man and oxen doing fieldwork.
Fieldwork the old-fashioned way.

As I got to the Rancho, I locked my bike against the fence of a parking lot. Immediately some guy came to me, asking for 50 centavos parking fee. He clearly was the driver of the only bus parked on this lot.
Why did a bus driver charge me for leaving my bike?
“No problem, you can pay as you come back”, he finally said.

Walking across the Rancho towards an eminence, I passed a small house. Two teenage guys were hanging out at the gate, observing me. “Do you want to do some horseback riding”, one of them asked. “No, gracias.” I’m afraid of horses. I wanted to hike.

Not Your Fool

As I kept on walking on the narrow trail, passing small shacks and gutters with chickens and pigs, I noticed that one of the guys was following me.
I kept on walking.

When I reached a makeshift gate, the guy caught up with me. “Do you want to go there?” he asked pointing uphill. “Yes.” “That would be 3 CUC”, he demanded, albeit not sounding very persuasive.
“Why 3 CUC?” I felt anger crawling up my spine – being taken again for an ATM on legs. Would I be able to go anywhere without being asked for some quickly made-up fantasy fee?
“So why 3 CUC?” I asked again. “Well, that’s the price”, he tried to sound more forcefully.
“So since you are collecting the entrance fee, I assume you have some kind of legitimation?” Wow, where did that come from? I was proud of this good thought – and he was irritated.
“Yes, of course, I do”, he muttered.

“That’s good. Then show it to me”, I was on a roll. “I have it at my house”, he anxiously pointed towards the house I had passed earlier.
“Yeah, well, that’s too bad then. I pay you 3 CUC, but I need to see a legitimation”, I shrugged, opened the makeshift gate, and continued my hike.

Oxens at the Rancho San Vicente at Vinales, Cuba 's Rural Paradise
Rancho San Vicente – a peaceful, decelerated place.

I was so proud of my ingenious idea with the permit.
From then on, I would ask each and every one of those hobby money collectors for legitimation. And for a receipt. A receipt was good, too.
I would pay up – but only if they showed me a duty pass and gave me a receipt.

As I got back to the parking lot, I sadly wasn’t able to try out my new strategy on the bus driver. The bus was gone and so was he.

Note II

And with that little story, we are basically back to the same topic.

I met travellers who were extremely annoyed and repulsed by the constant cheating and duping. Demanding money for no reason or service. Charging ridiculous amounts for every little thing.

One fellow traveller claimed, he couldn’t sleep at night if he would charge triple the real price as some Cubans did.

Although I was also tired of people taking advantage of me, I found his comment pretty ignorant. I think he strongly underestimates the hardship of life in Cuba.

It’s certainly not ok how – some! – people try to get the maximum from the tourists. But people in Cuba hardly have a chance to make money, and I think that over the last decades, they learned to grab whatever they can out of fear that the next day they won’t be anything left. I saw a lady on the plane from Baracoa to Havana taking this little piece of fabric that’s on your headrest. What for? I don’t know. And maybe she doesn’t know, either. But I’m afraid that the permanent scarcity makes people grab whatever they reach – whether they need it or not.

In comparison with Cubans, we have it so easy to waive some things. And this “I have to work for my money, too”-argument isn’t a valid one. Because let’s get real: Every traveller coming to Cuba at least has the money to….come to Cuba.

Shopping for Produce

Talking ’bout deals: Viñales might also be a good place to buy some cigars – basically fresh from the field. Since I just wanted a small souvenir, I bought a pack of ten pieces at a small Finca on the outward road to Havana. I cannot tell you anything about the quality since for me, it was just a souvenir. If you want to buy larger quantities of excellent stuff, you have to confide in your host. Or you purchase the pricey, yet sealed stuff at official stores at a pretty high price.

Man manufacturing cigars at Vinales, Cuba 's Rural Paradise
Viñales is a good place to stock up on tobacco and cigars.
(Photo: Guillaume Baviere from Uppsala, Sweden, Cuba 2013-01-23 (8505433425), cropped 2:3, CC BY 2.0 )

Other souvenirs can be bought at the small, a quite nice street market on Calle Ceferino Fernandez.


One last tip on how to spend a wonderful time in Viñales: If you have enough time – which, unfortunately, I didn’t – you should absolutely go to some of the nicest Cuban beaches from here. Either to Cayo Jutías west of Viñales or Cayo Levisa in the East.

Cayo Levisa in Cuba
Cayo Levisa – for foreigners only.
(Photo: Patrice78500Cayo Levisa – Vue de Punta Arena, cropped 2:3, CC BY-SA 4.0 )

However, only visitors have access to that key, and Cubans are not permitted to enter. I find that really vile that there is a beautiful place – reserved exclusively for foreigners. Of course, you have to bring your passport when visiting to prove that you are not one of them – creapy’n’crappy.


This map should give you an idea of where to go once you’re in Viñales:

Practical Information

How to Get There and Around

There are two daily Viazul-buses going from Havana to Viñales and back. The ride costs about 9 CUC and takes 3.5 to 4 hours. Especially if you haven’t pre-booked accommodation, I strongly recommend taking the bus that leaves at 8.40 a. m. instead of the one at 2 p. m.

Also, there are cab drivers waiting next to the Viazul-station in Havana offering rides to Viñales matching the bus company’s price. Obviously, this only works if you are at least two or three people. Otherwise, the driver will wait for other solo travellers which can take a while… Besides, bus drivers tend to be less ruthless and less in a rush than cab drivers, which increases your chances of not getting into an accident.

Once you get to Viñales, you can, of course, hike. There are also various options for renting a bicycle. You can also do horseback riding and, obviously, some more or less experienced guides offer trips in their more or less fixed old-timers.

Another option is a hop on hop off-bus by Transtur. For 5 CUC, you get dropped off and picked up at all the landmarks I’m mentioning in this post. I personally find that it doesn’t really make sense since that way you miss all the tiny moments and glances at Cuban life which to me are definitely Viñales’ strongest suits.

Where to Stay and to Eat

Supposedly, there are almost 200 accommodations catering to visitors Viñales. Most of them are so-called cases particulares, private homes renting rooms to travellers.

However, I’ve heard many stories of people who came to Viñales on the afternoon bus and had no reservations. Then, they either had to go back all the way to Havana or just spend the night in the park.
I haven’t witnessed anything like that, but I would say, a reservation is recommendable.

It’s impossible to generalize how these accommodations will be – since they are all different. I stayed at the guesthouse Casa Tito Crespo*. They have two rooms in a separate building and one room next to their bedroom. So even at the same casa, the standard was quite different.

Full Board

I had an okay room with an en-suite bathroom. As Tito’s wife Carito asked me if I wanted to eat dinner at the casa and I hesitated for a moment, she made me a really good price for the room with breakfast and dinner included.

What can I say – I didn’t regret it. The food was excellent – there was a choice between lobster and pork chops and, of course, chicken. It came with sides of rice and salad and tostones which are fried plantains. Normally, the price varied between 8 to 12 CUC which is excellent for the amount and quality of the food.

We – there were also two German couples staying at Tito’s – also bought sodas from Carito and she made us some mean Mojitos. These, too, were at a good price.

The only flaw, if you want to call it that, is the distance to the village center which is about 15 minutes walk. A cab should charge 2 CUC, but you know how it is….as I needed to get to the bus terminal in the morning, the neighbor charged 5 CUC for dropping me off. I did feel like arguing with him. On the other side, I did not feel like carrying my luggage for 15 minutes in the dawn.

Connection and Communication

Since Viñales, although basically a cute village, welcomes thousands of visitors every year, there is surprisingly good infrastructure.

Hence, there is also an Etecsa branch at Calle Fernandez where you can buy scratch cards to obtain an internet connection. You cannot miss it since there is always a large crowd of locals and tourists more or less desperately waiting at the door. Here, you can experience truly Cuban life.
On this page, you’ll find ETECSA’s complete list of hotspots. To narrow it down, you need to choose Pinar del Rio from the dropdown menu Provincia and Viñales in the menu Municipio.

Cash and Cards

Also, there are two banks on the main street Salvador Cisneros where you can get cash respectively change money.

Until the end of 2020, there were two official currencies: The CUP – Peso Cubano – and the CUC – Peso Convertible. The socialist island state has had this confusing dual currency system since 1994.

However, since the beginning of 2021, only the Peso Cubano keeps circulating. The exchange rate is 24 CUB to one US$. This unification of the currencies is expected to grant Cuba’s citizens equal opportunities and social justice.

People waiting at the entrance to a bank in Santiago de Cuba
People waiting at the bank in an invisible, thus strictly to be followed line.

Already in July 2020, Cuba had abolished the ten percent tax on US$ purchases that had been in force since 2004. Since then, in some shops, certain products can also be paid for by card in US currency.

Since this novelty is still in progress, obviously, some prices in my posts on Cuba still quote the Peso Convertible CUC – as do many Cuban websites. I hope that they’ll correct their sites asap so that I can adjust the information on my blog. However, if you don’t want to wait: One CUC equals one US$, so that shouldn’t be a big problem, after all.

Viñales was only one of the highlights of my visit to Cuba. However, to read about the other formidable places, go to the main post and take your pick! There you’ll also find valuable general information that will make your trip smoother.

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Note: I’m completing, editing, and updating this post regularly – last in November 2022.

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One Reply to “Guide to VINALES – Cuba ‘s Rural Paradise”

  1. I love rural areas and though Cuba is high on my wishlist, then definitely I am adding Vinales to my itinerary. I loved the farm scene here and somewhat I can relate them with Indian rural areas. The horse carriages in the farm are very similar to Indian horse carriages in the farms. Even the return of bullocks from rough foot path in the farms is typical a very Indian village scene. Good to see that Cuba too has similar farm scenes like India.

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