First Time in ATHENS – Beyond the Acropolis

Yes, I’ve travelled the seven seas – at least metaphorically – but only recently I visited Athens for the first time. This is ironic since basically all of Greece is located on the seaside. With 13,676 kilometers of coastline – that’s roughly the little something of 8,498 miles – and 3054 islands and islets, Poseidon definitely is boss.

Not the only amazing facts. Next to Golgota and the Capitol, the Acropolis is one of the hills on which Europe was founded. So there is no excuse that I haven’t visited the cradle of our civilization before.

Cat at the Acropolis in Athens, Greece
Although Greece is basically sea-girt, besides lots of water, there are many rocks. As well as cats.

So as we got nearer to Christmas and the holy days became holidays, the question of where I would spend them was quickly answered. Athens – for the first time.

The Belly of Athens

I won’t lie to you – the first day, I had mixed feelings. Walking the area between shady Omonia Square where my hotel was located, Syntagma Square, infamous for the austere protests of the anti-austerity movement between 2010 and 2012, and Monastiraki Square, where the show goes on around the clock, Athens was intimidating. Even for a die-hard urbanite like myself.

It was an early winter evening when it’s getting dark already around five o’clock.
Nonetheless, the streets were still busy, bursting with people. People rushing, pushing impatiently. People standing, observing. Between them, street musicians playing sad stubborn tunes. Hawkers selling huge colorful balloons, sesame pastry, leather belts, raffle tickets. To both sides of the streets the usual chain stores like Zara, Sephora, Tezenis. Yet, between them, many empty, abandoned buildings covered in graffiti – the wild, angry kind.

Store at Psirri, Athens, Greece
Don’t expect Athens to put on her best dress for you…..

The entrances of these rundown structures are granting shelter to a disturbing number of homeless. But also other individuals who might have their reason to stay in the dark.
Who is just poor – and who might be a threat?
Sadly, we often perceive both as one.

Graffiti in Athens
….but be open to the tender messages behind the rough appearance.

Yes, as I arrived, Athens was standing before me, she moved a bit too close so I could smell her breath and feel her energy. She looked me in the eye – a long, hard stare. I didn’t drop my gaze.
Finally, she gave me an ambiguous, slightly condescending smile and opened her strong arms to pull me in. She had my back.

With a Local

After the whirlwind of impressions and emotions of the first evening at this metropolis that can definitely be a bit rough around the edges, it was good to meet with an Athenian the next morning. Someone who was born and raised in this city. Someone who would take me to places but most importantly someone who could answer all the questions I had and put things in relation. This someone was not just anyone, this someone was Spyridon. Spyridon has already done a complex mix of different jobs before he became the manager of the wonderful project This is Athens with a local.

Bitterorange trees around the Zappeion.
One of Athens’ most beautiful features are the bitter orange trees lining the streets.

On their page, you can choose from themed walks such as street art, architecture, food, LGBTQ, or whatever is of interest to you. You book a tour and then a local volunteer guides you around and shows you his or hers Athens. Although – or maybe because – they are no professional tour guides, you’ll have the great opportunity to experience the real, everyday Athens. Since the city of Athens supports this project, the tours are free.

Guard in front of the parliament in Athens
Kicking it in front of the parliament.

Changing of the Guards – Changing of Viewpoints

We start our walk with the most pointless, however, very picturesque spectacle Athens has to offer. It’s the change of the guards in front of the parliament building on top of Syntagma Square. While those two guards are performing their little choreography, kicking the air with their pompom shoes and letting their little mini-skirts swirl, Spyridon starts to tell me all about Athens – today’s Athens. The old historic stuff I can do on my own.

Subway rails in Athens
It’s in the mix: Looking from the 6th century BC Agora at the metro rails that look like Brooklyn 1980. In the backdrop, the Greek Orthodox Church of the Apostle Phillip, built in 1961 on the foundations of an early Christian basilica and a street lined with sidewalk cafés.

Spyridon navigates me to the wealthy neighborhood of Kolonaki as well as to the bohemian-shabby district of Psirri.

Renata Green at the Psirri District in Athens
When I’m urged to pose, I pose: Mural in the bohemian neighborhood of Psirri.
(Photo: Spyridon Kagkas)

Beyond Pretty

We are visiting the overwhelming municipal market and as, oddly enough, the cut off pig heads hanging on the wall and the baskets full of skinned sheep heads make me giggle in distress, Spyridon puts his arm around me “It can be a bit too much for everyone”, he says and ushers me towards the exit.

Fish on the market in Athens
Yes, these neatly arranged fishes are dead, too, but they are not skinned and bleeding all over.
Pomegranate and chestnuts on the market in Athens
Blood-red pomegranates – I actually seem to be a bit traumatized by all the blood I saw.

Not far – just behind the commercial streets where many of the Armenian emigrants fleeing the genocide in Türkiye had settled in the early 20th century – he shows me around the neighborhood where nowadays refugees from the Middle East, Pakistan, and Bangladesh found a new home and opened oriental shops and restaurants.

Sokratous street in Athens
On Sokratous street.

For more than three hours, Spyridon guides me through his hometown. He points out apparently pointless spots, explains the to the foreigner’s eye unexplainable, is caring, charming, and fun.

As in the early afternoon, we part at Athens’ busy Monastiraki square, we’re friends.

The Antique Athens


As I said, for the ancient parts of Athens, I don’t need a guide. I’ll find all the info in my guide book. Also, at the sites, there are explanatory boards. Plus, it’s so much overwhelming information, that I immediately forget half of it, anyway.

However, the idea of walking where Socrates used to walk, standing where Plato used to hang out with his buddies, all those smart cookies such as Aristotle, is quite impressive. Actually, this fascinating heritage is the main reason I came here – and supposedly everyone else does, too.

I’m starting at the Acropolis where it all began.

Acropolis translates to the upper town, and way up high it is, so prepare for a little climbing.

Athens’ Acropolis is a large castle hill dedicated to the city goddess Athena. In the Mycenaean period in the 14th century BC,  it was the seat of the king. Eventually, in democratic Athens, it was promoted to become the temple area and set of the Gods.

After having defeated the Persians, Athens became the supreme power of the Attic League from 448 BC. The glorious structures symbolize this power and wealth.

View of Athens from the Acropolis
View of the Ancient Agora….and the rest of Athens.

Going up, you get to see more and more of the city in the farther distance and catch some grand views of what lies to your feet – like the Dionysostheater and the Odeon of Herodes Atticus.

Seats at the Dionysos Theater on the Acropolis
Is this seat available? Chairs and benches at the Dionysos Theater.
Statue of Menander in front of the Dionysos Theater in Athens
This will make you laugh: Mr. Menander wrote 108 comedies – and then he moved to Göttingen in Germany. At least his statue did since this is only a replica.


The main temple is the iconic Parthenon. Shockingly, to admire the breathtakingly beautiful marble frieze, you have to travel to London. In the early 19th century, Scot Earl of Elgin removed it together with sculptures from the Propylaea and the Erechtheum. Eventually, he brought them to merry old England. Finders, keepers: To this date, the British Museum denies restitution of these cultural treasures.

By the way, the Erechtheum, located on the north side of the Agora, is the second-largest of the temples. It’s dedicated to several gods as well as mythical heroes of the city.

The Propylaea of the Acropolis.
Can hardly see the city for the….steals: Remnants of the Propylaea, the gateway to the citadel.

The most famous wing of the Erechtheion is the caryatic porch where a group of caryatids functions as columns.

caryatic porch with a group of caryatids functioning as columns
The Caryatids – one of the most picturesque sights at the Acropolis.

Note: Be there as early as you can! You read this everywhere, however, as I got there at 8.30 a. m., i. e. half an hour after opening, there were maybe a dozen people. Which, of course, was great, albeit not understandable. When I left around 10 a. m. the queue was winding down the street. Why don’t people follow the simplest advice?
Anyway, here – and hear – again: Be there early, your visit will be so much more enjoyable!

Acropolis Museum

Of course, the caryatids are also one of my favorite features on the Acropolis. However, what you get to see on the spot are copies. The originals reside at the adjacent Acropolis museum – together with lots and lots of other precious artifacts.

View of the Acropolis from the Acropolis Museum.
View of the Acropolis from the Acropolis Museum.

The museum is just fantastic not only for all the stuff that’s inside, but also for what’s around. The clever architecture grants fantastic views of the Acropolis as well as the surroundings.

Caryatids at the Acropolis Museum
Five of the caryatids at the Acropolis Museum. The sixth one is still at the British Museum in London, yearning to return home.
Mask of Dionysos at the Acropolis Museum in Athens
A colossal mask of Dionysos made in the 1st century BC from Pentelic marble.
A statue of the mythical Satyr Silenus from the the 2nd century BC. The wise teacher is carrying on his shoulder the wine god Dionysos holding a theatrical mask.
A statue of the mythical Satyr Silenus from the 2nd century BC. The wise teacher is carrying on his shoulder the wine god Dionysos holding a theatrical mask.

You shouldn’t miss the video shown on the top floor. There is also a lifesize model of the Parthenon’s frieze that allows you a closer look, showing many details and pointing out many fascinating facts.

To check their opening hours, please visit their website since those vary according to tourist seasons. However, in winter, the entrance fee is about half of what you pay in summer.

Acropolis Museum
15 Dionysiou Areopagitou Street,
Athens 11742
Phone: +30 210 900 09 00

Arch of Hadrian and Temple of Olympian Zeus

Just a stone-throw from the Acropolis is the Arch of Hadrian. Besides being an impressive symbol of glory, it is also a good orientation spot. Across the street is one of the important spots of the Gray Line hop on hop off bus. We’ll get to this perk below in the Tourist Information and Discount section.

Hadrian's Arch in Athens
Back in the early 130s AD, Athens was honoring Hadrian for all his benefactions to the city by building him an arch.

Behind the arch, going towards the National Garden, is the Temple of Olympian Zeus. The Temple, built in the 6th century BC, must have have been gigantic and beautiful. However, what’s left today are just some of the once 104 columns and stones scattered on the premises.

Temple of Zeus in Athens
Not very majestic but still very picturesque: The ruins of the Temple of Zeus.

Roman Agora, Hadrian’s Library, and Tower of the Wind

Have you noticed the temple nestled in lush greeneries, seen from the Acropolis in the picture above? Well, that’s the Temple of Hephaestus, located on the site of the Ancient Agora, by the way, my favorite archeological site in Athens. It’s located about half a mile north of the Acropolis and on the way you can pay the Roman Agora as well as Hadrian’s library a visit.

Hadrian's Library in Aathens
Hadrian’s Library in ruins – believe me, it’s not only Kindle’s fault.
Doves on top of a steal at Hadrian's library.
Landing spot on top of a marble steal.

Entrance fees to these sites are quite cheap – 5 respectively 3 €uros and included in the combi ticket that I’m explaining below. Anyway, if you mainly want to shoot pictures and don’t feel the need for getting close to the ancient stones, just rock on. You can take perfect pictures through the fences.

The Tower of the Winds, located at the Roman Agora, considered the world's first meteorological station.
The Tower of the Winds, located at the Roman Agora, is considered the world’s first meteorological station.

Ancient Agora

As a matter of fact, this site was my favorite landmark of classical Athens. White statues under the blue skies, surrounded by olive trees, blooming bushes, and wildflowers. The well-preserved Temple of Hephaestus on the Agoraios Kolonos, the market hill, from where you can overlook the entire locality and have a grand view of the Acropolis.

Temple of Hephaestus at the Ancient Agora
Completed in 415 BC, it’s amazing how well-preserved the Hephaisteion is still standing.
Statue of Triton in the Odeon of Agrippa at the Ancient Agora of Athens Greece
Statue of Triton in the Odeon of Agrippa.

The Ancient Agora is the best-known of the ancient Greek agoras. Those were commercial sites, places of assemblies, and spots for local gatherings.

Columns at the Stoa of Attalos
I doubt that you get to take a picture like this at the Stoa of Attalos during high season.

At the Roman Agora that I mentioned above, you can actually still trace the remnants of the hawker houses and shops.

Church of the Holy Apostles
The Church of the Holy Apostles from the late 10th century. It was the first significant church of the middle Byzantine period in Athens,

While at these designated archeological spots you find the highest concentration of antique treasures, there are many great buildings scattered around the center.

The Trilogy

One of the most impressive complexes is the triptych of the old university building. It’s built in the neoclassical style and flanked by the Academy of Athens and the National Library of Greece.

Funny enough, these palaces were designed by Danish architect Theophil Hansen. However, it certainly is a bit bizarre assigning a Dane to built references to those proto-Greek ideas and ideals.

National Library of Greece in Athens
Anybody home? The more than 1 million volumes moved from the National Library of Greece to their new home at the Stavros Niarchos Foundation – see below.

This group is standing on the Panepistimiou boulevard and very worth the visit.

Academy of Athens
On the southern end of this neo classicist complex from the 19th century is the Academy of Athens….
Statue of Socrates with the Apollo column in the background in Athens
….where God Apollo is almost vanishing behind smart master Socrates.

Shopping Temples and other Houses of Worship

Especially if you are a sports fan and fascinated by the Olympic games, a visit to the Panathenaic Stadium will be indispensable. Talking ’bout sports – you can walk there in about 30 minutes, admiring a handful of amazing buildings on the go. Start at Monistiraki Square, dominated by the Tzistarakis Mosque built in 1759. Today, it is an annex of the Museum of Greek Folk Art.

Balloon seller in front of the Tzistarakis Mosque
The majestic Tzistarakis Mosque in the middle of the busy Monastiraki Square.
The Church of the Pantanassa on Monastiraki Square in Athens
The Church of the Pantanassa – being the Katholikon of a Monastery that no longer exists – actually inspired the Monastiraki Square’s name. Today, it’s rather a gathering spot for doves.


Walking eastwards on Ermou pedestrian street, not only do you pass many of those global chain-stores, but also the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, one of the city’s oldest Orthodox churches built in Byzantine style.

Kapnikareas Square with the old Byzantine church.
There’s quite a lot going on around the old Byzantine church on Kapnikareas Square. It’s wonderful that the traditional peddlers like this Salepi-vendor survive despite the globalization of European shopping streets.

One bloc up, at Evaggelistrias, turn right to get a good look at the Metropolitan Church of Athens Evangelismos Theotokou which is actually, the Cathedral of Athens. It was built in the 19th century. Next to it stands its much older sister, the historic Church of Virgin Mary Gorgoepekoos and Saint Eleutherius from the Byzantine-era in the 12th century.

Metropolitan Cathedral of Athens
The Cathedral of the Archbishopric of Athens and all Greece. It can be considered a sustainable piece of architecture since back in the days, they used marble from 72 demolished churches to build the walls. In the front, you can spot a statue of Gregory V the Ethnomartyr, the Patriarch of Constantinople. He was hanged by order of Sultan Mahmud II and eventually thrown into the Bosphorus. After Greek sailors found his body, he was enshrined in Athens.
Greek cleric getting into a cab
One of Gregory’s followers, an Orthodox cleric.

David Against Goliath

If you don’t continue your walk on Ermou but keep on walking on Mitropoleos, you’ll get to one of Athens’ quirkiest churches, the tiny Ekklisia Agia Dynami. This little gem has been there since the 16th century and is under monument protection. Hence, they had to build the huge hotel and shopping complex around it. David versus Goliath: Although the new building is much bigger, somehow it looks more out of place than the tiny old lady – which, by the way, serves as a shrine for pregnant women.

Ekklisia Agia Dynami
Ekklisia Agia Dynami – oppressed or sheltered?

And then you get to the famous Syntagma square where in good times happy people stroll around, relax on benches, and enjoy life. In bad times, however, unhappy protesters express their thoughts and feelings in many different ways.

Guards of the Monument of the Unknown Soldier
Known soldiers around the unknown one.

On the eastern side is the parliament as well as the Monument of the Unknown Soldier. Two guys in costumes uniforms that change their shift on the hour are looking after it.

I’ve mentioned this spectacle above. If you’re around, it’s a nice show for pictures, if you miss it, you can still have a meaningful life.

Bench at the National Garden in Athens
A bench like Athens: Rough’n’love.

Not far from the parliament is the entrance to Athens’ National Garden, a greenery that’s probably more significant to locals than tourists because apart from being a small green lung in this busy metropolis, it is not particularly alluring.

The Zappeion and the Panathenaic Stadium

Towards the south, however, is the beautiful Zappeion. This palace’s purpose was to revive the Olympic Games in the modern world. Hence, during the 1896th Summer Olympics, it served as the main fencing hall.

Today, it serves as a Conference and Exhibition Center.

Zappeion at the National Garden in Athens, Greece
The Zappeion at the National Garden.

Today a multi-purpose stadium, its history goes way back to 330 BC when its predecessor was built as a racecourse for the Panathenaic Games.

Renata Green at The Panathenaicum in Athens
Now look at me, getting into position; obviously, the Panathenaicum brings out the athlete in basically everyone.

It was then rebuilt several times, i. a. in 144 AD by Roman senator Herodes Atticus. In 1896, it hosted the opening and closing ceremonies of the first modern Olympic Games and was also used for the games in 2004. It’s also here where the Olympic flame is being handed over to the respective host nation.

 The Panathenaicum in Athens
Blinding white: The Panathenaicum is the only stadium in the world built entirely of marble.

Besides walking around and taking in this dignified and beautiful venue, there is also a nice little museum with all the placards. Also, some of the torches can be admired.

National Archeological Museum

You’ve visited the Acropolis Museum and think you’ve seen it all? You are so wrong, and if you don’t visit the old Archeological Museum, you’ve missed one of the nicest things to do in Athens.

Statues of Apollo and Hera on the roof of the Archaeological Museum in Athens
Antique hipsters Apollo and Hera are proof on the roof: Obviously, this whole rooftop bar business is not as new as they put it.

This museum houses many of what is considered to be the most important artifacts from various locations around Greece from prehistory to late antiquity alike. It is divided in a Prehistoric section where i. a. the funeral mask of Agamemnon from around 1500 BC is exhibited. Then, there are a sculpture collection, a collection of vases and minor objects, rooms with frescos from Santorini, a metallurgy section, a collection of Egyptian and Middle Eastern artifacts as well as a huge epigraphical collection.

Busts of philosophers at the Archaeological Museum in Athens.
Assembly of all the Greek smart heads in a made-up forest.

Since I had taken the wrong bus and the stupid museum closed at 4 p. m., I sadly missed some of the important exhibits. But, as you know, Athens and I are good buddies now, so I’ll be back as soon as I can.

Statue of Zeus or Poseidon at the Archaeological Museum in Athens
The bronze statue of this very fit gentleman is from around 400 BC, so no wonder that today they don’t know for sure whether it’s supposed to be Zeus or Poseidon. In my humble opinion and as I compare it to Poseidon’s portrait at the Ancient Agora, I think it’s Zeus. But then again – what do I know?!
Heads of Eubouleus at the Archaeological Museum in Athens.
This, however, is the head of Eubouleus – in three versions. To me, they rather look like a boyband from the 1970s.

A German King

The museum building, by the way, was designed in the second half of the 19th century in a neo-classical style. Two of the participating architects, Ludwig Lange and Ernst Ziller, were German. You might be surprised how much German influence there is especially in the architecture from that period.

Fact is that in 1832, Otto Friedrich Ludwig von Wittelsbach – aka Otto of Greece – became the country’s first King while still a minor. He reigned until 1862 and, obviously, left some traces.

The stately Archaeological Museum in Athens
A stately building housing an impressive collection: Visiting Athens’ Archaeological Museum should be on everyone’s itinerary.

National Archaeological Museum
44, 28th of October Street
Athens 10682
Phone: +30 – 213 – 214 4800

The museum hours differ according to the tourist season – and, fair enough, the entrance fee differs, too, so make sure to check out their website when planning your visit.

The 20th Century

And yet here we are amidst the younger history which for the Greek people was far less glorious than the Antiquity.

Actually, I don’t know why it is that everyone knows about the Young Turks attempting to eliminate the Armenians, few people are aware of the persecution and pogroms against Greeks in Türkiye during and after WWI. These horrific events are referred to as the Greek catastrophe of Asia Minor when about half a million people were killed and those who survived had do flee.

And then Nazi Germany occupied Greece, terrorized and starved its people. Albeit, after WWII, the nation was divided into those who under the trauma of fascist terror opted for a leftist government, and those who, supported by the Americans and mainly by the British, were keen to defeat communism. This resulted in a civil war that lasted from 1946 to 1949.  Beats me why everyone is aware of the Spanish civil war and only a few know that there was one in Greece; cannot be only due to Picasso’s Guernica!?

Ghika Gallery

Of course, there were artists active during that time and also during the military dictatorship having a grip on the country from 1967 to 1974 – only that many of them aren’t internationally as famous as Picasso.

Triptych The Civil War by A. Tassos at the Ghika Museum in Athens
Agreed, not as famous as Guernica – but quite honestly, I like it much better: The triptych The Civil War – The Men, The Deceased, The Women by Alevizos Tassos.

However, you can see their work and learn through it about these what is called euphemistically the difficult years at the former home of Greek artist Nikos Hadjikyriakos-Ghika.

Not only can you admire Ghika’s great taste and unique way of furnishing his house on the top floor, but you also get to know many interesting artists and intellectuals through their work that’s on exhibit on various floors.

Model for the Mauthausen Monument by M. Markis at the Ghika museum in Athens
Many of the pieces on exhibition have strongly political subjects. This is the model for the Mauthausen concentration camp monument by Memos Makris. The original is 3,50 x 7 meters large and is, of course, on the former camp premises in Austria.

There is everything – books, records, films, paintings, and sculptures. Beautiful and educational – what more can you expect? So if you have the time and like to learn about those for some reason a bit forgotten years, pay the Ghika a visit, it’s totally worth it.

Ghika Gallery
3 Kriezotou St
10671 Athens
Phone: + 30 – 210 – 361 57 02

The Ghika Gallery’s opening hours are very limited. Actually, it can be visited on Fridays and Saturdays from 10 a. m. to 6 p. m.

Reading Tip

British author Sofka Zinovieff, married to a Greek and living partly in Greece, has written a gripping novel where along with the protagonists’ faith, you can trace the country’s history over the 20th century. The House on Paradise Street is a captivating read. It will enrich your visit to Greece with much background info and history in an entertaining way.

The Ghika Gallery is one of the venues of the Benaki Museum – in total, there are like ten of them. The Benaki Museum is named after Antonis Benakis, son of Emmanouil Benakis who was a businessman and politician and even the mayor of Athens for a couple of months in 1919. So his son Antonis was, as far as I know, exclusively an art collector; and I envy him a lot – I also wish my father was a wealthy businessman I could dedicate my time to shopping – art like Antonis did, not shoes and bags and other nonsense like most of those other rich kids do.
However, it is thanks to rich kid Antonis that we can visit ten wonderful museums in Athens – fair enough.

But Antonis is by far not Athens’ only benefactor, there is also Stavros Niarchos: Mr. Stavros Spyros Niarchos, born in 1906 and deceased in 1996, was a multi-billionaire shipping tycoon. Next to him, Onassis was just a mediocre peddler – Niarchos’ fleet consisted of the world’s biggest supertankers.

Stavros Niarchos Foundation

In 1996, a Stavros Niarchos Foundation was established. It is a philanthropic trust, supporting the arts and culture.

The SNFCC by Renzo Piano at Athens
This is basically the rooftop terrace from where you have grand views of the surroundings.

On the bay of Faliro, since 2015, there is the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center. This venue is housed in an amazing building, designed by no less an architect than Signore Renzo Piano. Sounds familiar? He’s the genius that also designed, for example, the Centre George Pompidou in Paris and a major part of the Postdamer Platz in Berlin.

Photo at the Stavros Niarchos Foundation
Although Renzo Piano is the mastermind behind the complex, there were many helping hands participating….
Details of a picture at the SNFCC in Athens
…. and to honor their contribution,  the contractor made this large picture of the result by composing lots and lots of tiny photos. Just to be clear: This is a detail of the above picture – isn’t that amazing?

Today, the facilities, as well as the 210,000 m² large park, are open to the public for free.

Get a Guided Tour

You can even join a guided tour through the center that houses the National Library of Greece and the Greek National Opera which I would totally recommend.

Library at the SNCFF in Athens
Here is where the books from the National Library – see above – found a new home.

Our wonderful guide Vassilis, according to his youth in combination with his knowledge probably an A-student, explained in a very captivating way the thought-out concept and humanistic philosophy behind the structures, the sections, and all the fascinating details. Our group was guided for about 90 minutes through all the different halls, following Vassilis’ explanations in a pretty sophisticated English. This young man proved that you don’t have to be a stage hog showering your audience with silly jokes and remarks to captivate their attention. Very well done.

View of Athens from the SNFCC
From the terrace way up high above the main buildings, you have some of the most amazing panoramic views of Athens and the mountains….
View from the terrace of the SNFCC in Athens
….as well as of Athens and the sea.

You don’t need to take the tour to visit and enjoy the SNFCC, however, only on the guided tour you have access to the backstage of the opera – and, of course, only with a knowledgable guide, you get to understand the philanthropic ideas and genius concept behind the unique building.

Practical Information

There are three tours per day which are free of charge. Only the one at 10 a. m. is in English, those at 12 p. m. and 4.30 p. m. are in Greek. Since there is a limit of 25 participants per tour, I’d recommend making online reservation well ahead of your visit.

Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center
364, Syggrou Avenue
176 74 Kallithea

Phone: + 30 – 216 – 809 10 00

Since the opening hours of the park, the library, and the visitors’ center differ, please check them on their website. The easiest way to get there is by subway to Syngrou Fix station and from there by bus number 10 to 2i Katsoni – follow my example and ask the driver to kick you out there.

Broke City full of Million-Dollar Views

The view from the SNFCC’s terrace is amazing, right? But it gets even better. Just like Rome, Athens is built on seven hills – which grants spectacular views from all different angles. However, I will not lie to you, you have to earn them. Even when I wanted to skip the exercise part and opted for the funicular to get to the Lycabettus hill, I broke a sweat from walking uphill and climbing all those stairs just to get to the station. Sweating’n’swearing I asked myself what this funicular is good for since I had to clamber up that stupid hill, anyway. Only as I finally got to the lower station I realized that the steepest part still lied ahead. The investment of 5 €uro for the cute little train was a no-brainer.

View of Athens from the Lycabettus hill.
Good night, Athens. After all day’s rampaging’n’romping, a rest is well-deserved.

On the top, there is a restaurant and the Greek Orthodox Church of Saint Isidore – and most of all a grand view in all directions.

To go back, you can either take the funicular again – I hope you were prudent enough to have bought a round trip for 7 €uro. Or you walk downhill and then keep walking west towards the Syntagma Square and into the night and into Athens’ powerful arms.

Tell her, I’m saying Αντίο, promising her to be back!

Practical Information

How to Get There

By Air

Just like any other European city, there are flights with regular and low-cost airlines like Vueling, Ryanair, and Eurowings heading for Athens. Especially the national airline Aegean offers a quite good cost-service ratio. You even get a snack and can check your luggage for free.

Plane of the aegean airline taking me to Athens
It was an okay flight, however, it’s a bit exaggerated that Aegean Airlines were awarded Europe’s best regional airline.

Since Greece’s capital is on the mainland, you can also get there by train for instance from Vienna – albeit visiting Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria on your way which takes in total 40 hours; but totally okay if you’re in for a railroad trip across the Balkans. Also travelling by long-distance bus might be an option – from Vienna less than 30 hours. As I said, this might be a really inspiring trip where you get to see various interesting southeast European cities on your stopovers. But, obviously, not an option if you’re coming for a long weekend.

Athens International Airport Eleftherios Venizelos is located 28 kilometers east of the city center. You can easily get there by subway line M3. However, if your flight is very early or very late or on a holiday, check the frequency. I had a quite early flight and the trains went only every 30 minutes which is totally fine, but you have to be aware of that. Also, remember that although you’re riding an almost regular metro, the ticket from and to the airport is 9 €uro.

By Land

The main train station is about 5 minutes from the Syntagma square, the adjacent metro station is Larissa.  It’s also at the Larissa bus station where you can board buses to neighboring  European countries like Bulgaria, Serbia, or the Czech Republic.

Greece has always been famous for shipbuilding and ports such as Piraeus and kisses that taste of the sea, salt, and tar – okay, the last is a quote from the German version of Never on Sunday. And Never on Sunday is a movie from 1960, starring Melina Mercouri, actress, singer, and subsequently Greek Minister of Culture and Sports. You can learn more about her at the Ghika Gallery that I’m introducing above.

Now back to the point: So since Greece is all about seafaring, you can, of course, also get to Athens by cruise liners – and ruin our planet – or ferry. The harbor is located in Piraeus about ten kilometers south of the city center. It is the final stop of the subway M1.

How to Get Around

Although public transportation in Athens is really good – reliable and fast and taking you everywhere, prepare for still walking at lot: The stops are often remarkably far from another, so do not expect to get off the bus or train right at your final destination. Walking half a mile from the stop will be no exception.

Athens' Riviera
In other places, you have to travel for hours to get to the Ocean – in Athens you just hop on the tram for € 1,40.

Anyway, especially the three subway lines are amazing and seem to cover not only the entire city center, but take you also to the port of Piraeus and to the beautiful beaches in the southern outskirts, the so-called Riviera.
Albeit, the tram goes even closer to the waterfront, so you might want to opt for that.

Public transportation runs from 5.30 a. m. till past midnight.

Public transportation ticket in AAthens
You really have to take good care of your multiple day ticket since it’s paper and they all look the same so that you are prone to accidentally just throw them away.

Tickets And Passes

A single ticket is valid 90 minutes and costs 1,40 €uro, 2 single tickets cost 2,70 €. For visitors, the 24 hours day pass for € 4,50 is a great deal – mind you, it’s valid for 24 hours, not the day. However, if you stay only two days – or, of course, even longer – the 5-day ticket for € 9 Euro pays pretty fast. Mind you, it does not include the ride from and to the airport.

If you are staying up to three days in Athens, the Three-Day-Tourist ticket might be your best choice: For 22 €uro, you can travel for 72 hours after your first use – and it includes a roundtrip from and to the airport.

Omonia station in Athens
Omonia station has a bad reputation, however, I love how it’s decorated with these tiles in a warm, sunny orange.

The best way to buy your ticket is from the vending machines at the stations – using either cash or cards.

You’ll find all info on public transportation on this very comprehensive page.

Where to Stay

I stayed at two different hotels, both were close to the infamous Omonia station. Before going, I’ve read terrible reviews about the surroundings. However, once I got there, I wondered where the people that wrote those reviews live. They must be from some idyllic mountain villages. Because what’s going on around Omonia is going on in every big city in the not so bourgeois neighborhoods.

Yes, Omonia is a bit shady, there are all kinds of people. After all, it’s an important transportation hub. Hence, you probably shouldn’t go for drinks with just anybody hanging out there. Or flash your cash. However, as you know, I’m a female solo traveller and I was fine. Even at 5 a. m. when I had to catch the metro to the airport and had all my precious belongings with me.

The neighborhood is not exactly scenic, I give you that. But especially the second hotel I stayed in, Ambrosia Suites & Aparts, was at a fabulous value-for-money ratio. I got a spacious, squeaky clean room with a large bed and all that stuff you expect to find in a hotel room. There was a TV, a fridge, a desk, etc. – and even a large balcony. Even breakfast was included. Certainly not a gourmet breakfast, but an okay breakfast with cereals, baked goods, eggs, and all sorts of drinks.

Oh, and the staff is super-nice, too.

However, if you prefer to stay in a different area, here are some good options*:

Where to Eat

Where to eat – good questions. And easy to answer: Basically everywhere. Especially around Monastiraki Square and the adjacent Plaka neighborhood, you’ll find an amazing number of restaurants and eateries. They all serve basically the same food and they serve it in large quantities. And it’s very meat-based. It’s rather food than cuisine.

Gyros in Athens
Grilling meat vertically. Lots and lots of meat.

I should add that I’m based in a country where every remote hamlet has a Greek restaurant. I’m not exaggerating –  in Germany, Souvlaki, Moussaka, Gyros, and Co. are just like Mexican food in California – it’s not special. So while it didn’t impress me, it still might impress you.

Greek Salad
A Greek salad with a big slab of cheese can replace an entire meal if you’re not too hungry.

During my stay, Greco’s Project at the corner of Ermou and Evvagelistrias became my favorite place. They have great salads. If you have it as a starter, the small one will do and set you back less than 5 €uro. Eventually, you can have a gyros stuffed pita for less than 4 €uro or a meal for about 10.

With your check, the very friendly waiter brings you a tasty dessert – I had two small pieces of different pies. Nonetheless, as I ordered a small espresso with a little milk to have with my treats, I was a bit disenchanted. They charged 3 €uros for it! No, as far as I could see, they hadn’t stirred gold in it. So – don’t order coffee and you’ll be fine.

Coffee and cake at a restaurant in Athens
While the treats are a treat, the coffee is overpriced. Therefore, the writing on the cup is quite ironic.

Greco’s Project
Evagelistrias 9 & Ermou
Athens 10563

They have to other branches – one at Syntagma Square and one at Monastiraki Square.


Not all Greek people have a great command of the English language. However, most speak it pretty well, especially the younger folks.

Sign at the airport in Athens
Metaphorically speaking this might be correct. Unfortunately, the state of mind doesn’t help much with the language barrier.

You know that Greek is written in Greek letters, right? Fortunately, most relevant signs are also in Latin letters. Nevertheless, I did come across some stuff that was exclusively in Greek. Therefore, it doesn’t hurt to familiarize yourself at least with the greek capital letters. And, of course, a translator app will save you.

However, it is a friendly gesture and everyone will appreciate it when you are able to say good day – kalimera, good afternoon – kalispera, hello – yassas, thank you – efcharisto, and please respectively you’re welcome – parakalo. Fun fact: Ne means yes, although it sounds like a casual no. No, however, would be ochi. By the way, it’s pronounced rather like ohi, by no means like oshi.

Cash And Cards

Until now, 20 European countries replaced their former local currency with the €uro starting in 2002. Obviously, Greece is one of them. The exchange rate is 1 US$ = 0.94 EUR as of January 2023. However, you can check today’s conversion rate on this page.

Euro coins and bills as well as credit dards

Tourist Information and Deals

There are various companies catering to tourists, and this might be the best one. Not only do they have a very informative and modern website helping you plan your stay. They also have some stands for instance at the airport and at other centrally located spots like Syntagma square.

On their website, you also find the really outstanding project With a local where you can book a free tour with….yes, a local. A great experience that will add so much more insight into your trip.

Deals And Discounts

Since I was in Athens at Christmas – so definitely not the high season – I didn’t have to face any significant queues. However, if you want to make sure to skip possible lines, you can buy tickets to all the archaeological sites online. It’s the Archaeological Resources Fund of the Greek Ministry of Culture and Sports that grants this great service.

Choosing a day and a timeslot, you can purchase individual tickets. Or you opt for a combi ticket that includes the Acropolis, the Ancient and the Roman Agora, Hadrian’s Library, Olympieion, Kerameikos, and Aristotle’s School at only 30 €uro. This ticket is valid for five consecutive days.

If you want more variety in your sightseeing and still get a great deal on the attractions, you might prefer the iVenture Card. There are so many options and varieties that I cannot list them all in detail. However, in general, there are two types. The Unlimited Attraction Pass for one to seven days at 79 to 329 €uros. If you buy the pass for at least three days, there’s even a day tour to either Delphi or Epidaurus and Mycenae included or a Poros-Hydra-Aegina cruise.

A much slimmer version is the Museum Pass which includes visits to the Acropolis site and museum, the Ghika, the Panathenaic stadium, and many more. It also includes a 48 hours ticket for the Gray Line hop on hop off tours. Amazingly, there are three of them: the city tour, the Piraeus tour, and the riviera tour. This pass is good for three days and costs 55 €uro. Mind you, the bus tours alone would set you back 26 €uro! So if you want to see Athens beyond the archaeological sites, this might be your best bet.


On this map, you’ll find all the wonderful places I’m introducing in this post.
Clicking on the slider symbol at the top left or the full-screen icon at the top right will display the whole map including the legend.

Pinnable Pictures

If you choose to pin this post for later, please use one of these pictures:

Note: I’m completing, editing, and updating this post regularly – last in January 2023.

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* This is an affiliate link. If you book through this page, not only do you get the best deal. I also get a small commission that helps me run this blog. Thank you so much for supporting me!
This is Athens supported my trip. They supplied me with an iVenture Card and a 3-Day-Tourist ticket. However, all opinions on these services are mine and weren’t by any means influenced by my cooperation partner.

78 Replies to “First Time in ATHENS – Beyond the Acropolis”

  1. I am sure this paragraph has touched all the Athens fans, its really really pleasant article on the city.

  2. If there’s one place you can’t leave Athens without going to, it’s the Olympic Park. All the history classes you took in school have probably given you a sense of how important sports and athleticism were to the Greeks back in the day, and the best part is that it’s free to walk through the park. Learn about the fascinating history behind the Olympic Games as you stroll through the park just in time for sunset. Within the park are the 2 Olympic stadiums, each one built for the 1904 and 2004 Olympic Games which took place in Athens.

  3. Athens is often synonymous with the Acropolis, and for very good reason. If it’s your first time in Athens, you’ll definitely want to stop by the most well-known spot in the city, but we wanted to emphasize that there is definitely much more the city has to offer beyond just the Acropolis. We recommend going early in the morning to beat the crowds and to leave the rest of your day open to explore the hidden gems of Athens. 

  4. I haven’t been to Greece yet I love that you have included so much information. When I get to visit, this gives me a lot of guidance about what to do. I love the story about the small church and the big building!

  5. I have never been to Greece. Thanks for this comprehensive guide to Athens including the run-down places – a true picture of the city. There is so much to see – history, ruins, architecture – reason to visit this city. Also, I love Greek food. 🙂

  6. This is the most comprehensive Athen guide I have read and I love it! It is so detailed, so many places to visit, the National Library looks amazing, those old architectural remains are breathtaking, and now I am wishing I am now standing there.

  7. I’ve heard that Athens can look a little rundown and not the most inviting in some areas, and judging from your first photos that looks to be true. I was supposed to go to Athens in May before all of the travel restrictions started, and since I was unable to go I haven’t put together my itinerary yet. I’ll definitely be saving this post for when I can go on the trip since you’ve listed a lot of interesting historical sites. I’m not too familiar with places other than the Acropolis so I loved reading your tips!

  8. A great guide to Athens & I love the idea of a local guide – what a great way to see this iconic city & especially to get an understanding of modern-day Athens. Makes me want to return – I love Greece!

  9. I don’t really know why I haven’t been there, but it seems like you did a lot – that picture of the National Library is really impressive 🙂

  10. I’d love to be able to travel here one day. Hoping that the virus eases in the next year or two, so that everyone can safely return to travelling our beautiful planet again!

  11. I always love about Greece, the architecture design, the history is always fascinating. Your description about Greece is really amazing. Greece is my dream country where I want to visit. I wish someday this is will happen.

  12. This is a really rich article about visiting Athens. I was in Greece on business a few years ago, but unfortunately, there was no time for sightseeing. So seeing all the sights of Athens is still on my list.
    Thank you for sharing all these interesting facts, useful information, and wonderful pictures of your visit to Athens.

  13. I am really impressed with your writing talents as well as with the format to your blog. Is that this a paid subject matter or did you customize it your self? Anyway keep up the excellent high quality writing, it’s rare to look a nice weblog like this one nowadays.

  14. I was just looking through my Athens photos. So your blog post took me back again. But I wish I had a local to explore the city with. Love when you get to see spots that are mostly filled with locals. We are sorry we ran out of time to visit the museum. But we sure saw the ruins from many of the high viewpoints around the city. The changing of the guard in Athens was one of our all time favourites that we have seen around the world. We would return. If only for the great Greek food!

  15. I must say that I can’t think of a reason why I haven’t visited Athens yet! Your description of the city and your photos are so inspiring a visit – thank you so much for sharing.

  16. It felt like being in Greece all over again. From the cats everywhere to the changing of the guard, they all became precious memories.

  17. I was and am intrigued by Greek history and mythology, but somehow Athens never popped up on my wishlist of places to visit. I really do not know why. But after I read this post, I am contemplating visiting Athens. I also want to see and explore the roads where Socrates walked or where Crates spent his heydays. And I also want to see today’s Athens, visit its market and find out the real city. I totally enjoyed reading your experience in Athens. And thanks for sharing such a complete guide.

  18. It’s definitely a place to visit abd is on so many bucket lists. Who wouldn’t want to go to Santorini? Athens and more? Enjoyed your post.

  19. With a deep interest and fascination for Greek history and mythology, Athens has always been a source of great interest. However, visiting Greece and specifically, Athens still remains an elusive dream. Loved your post and learned that there is so much more to Athens than its historical sites. Definitely your post is a valuable resource for first-time visitors to Athens.

  20. Ancient Greek civilizations is so powerful and full of surprises! This is an incredible post, makes me want to go to Greece as soon as I can

  21. I have only spent a day in Athens after returning from a cruise and I always said I would return to explore more, but to date, I haven’t managed it. I love the idea of walking around with a local to get to know the real Athens.

  22. Excellent guide, very detailed. I visited Athens 20 years ago and the city has changed a lot since then, well the modern bit. The ancient part is as beautiful as ever. I definitely must revisit.

  23. great info and tips, love your photos too. I’d like to go back to Athens as I was only 10 when I visited and too young to appreciate it. Going in offseason like you did seems a great idea!

  24. This is a wonderful post, so much information! Thank you–I’d love to go to Athens someday, so I am going to save this for when I plan that trip. Thank you for sharing your first impressions of Athens, sometimes I’ve been to city (especially older European ones) that don’t “put on their best dress” as you said!

  25. Athens is one of my favorite places on Earth! You’re right that there’s so much more to see and do than just the Acropolis. You definitely fit in a lot on a short trip! I agree with you about Omonia Square – it’s a little shady but just fine to stay there (and it’s affordable). Love your tip to take the tram to the waterfront. I did that myself one morning on my very first trip to Athens and it was lovely 🙂

  26. I was in Athens for the first time during New years, and I absolutly fell in love with the city. But we were only there for a weekend, and that was not nearly enough time to even make it through half of the city… I just have to go back 😀

  27. Wow! This is such a comprehensive guide. I wish I had read it before I last visited Athens. I was only there for a day or so before heading off to the islands & although I visited the Acropolis (& yes, I agree, go early!), I missed the museum but heard so many good reviews of it. I love the idea of having a local to show you around to get another angle on the city which is beyond the ancient sites. What a fantastic way to see a different perspective of the ancient city.

  28. Like you I’d travelled widely, yet never made it to Greece. I don’t know why. It just never bubbled to the top of my destination list. But I went to my first Greek island last year, and can’t believe I waited so long to step onto Greek soil. The lifestyle and the people are infectious, and I’ve caught the Greek Island bug now. Can’t wait to explore some more, and then make my way over to Athens….

  29. It sounds like visiting Athens with a local guide made a huge difference. I have been there a few times without a guide and definitely been overwhelmed. How amazing that the This is Athens guides are free!

  30. Wow- your provided so much insight- history and culture. To be honest, ALL of this information was new to me. As they say, you learn something new everyday!

  31. Greece is on my list of places to see. What a great way to see the off-the-beaten path and how the locals live by hiring a local to tour you around. I would do this for sure! Greece has so much history, and as a sports lover, I would just have to see the Olympic Stadium.

  32. I have never been to Athens and your review guide will be of great benefit to me when I visit. I will utilize it greatly.

  33. I love reading Greek mythology which gives me that dream of visiting Athens one day. They have a unique culture and one of the advanced civilizations during their times.

    1. Totally. As I wrote, it’s amazing to walk those trails all those wise men used to walk. I hope it did rub off on me at least a bit 😉

  34. I love the history of Athens and Greece in general. It’s always interesting to see the old mixed with the new in places like this that have been around for centuries. Thanks for sharing your experience! I hope to one day make it to Athens!

  35. This is a great, comprehensive guide of Athens! I LOVE Greek history so Athens has always been very high on my list to visit. I hope to make it there in the next few years and will make sure to follow your suggestions 🙂

  36. Athens is indeed beautiful and as you write it as your first time over ther I love your itinery.

  37. I love your post. One of my favorite places on my bucketlist. YOu have just excited me to even go there when you had me read your post. I am glad.

  38. I’ve been living in Crete, of Greece’s most stunning Greek islands and I must admit your post made me crave some Athens time. It’s a while I don’t go to the city and I really miss it! Your descriptions are fantastic and super detailed, and some of your pictures, amazing! An interesting fact that might come as a surprise, in Cretan dialect, “oxi” is indeed pronounced quite similar to “oshi”!

    Lovely read! Thanks for sharing

    1. Oh, I’m very happy that an ‘expert’ likes this post. Interesting – however, not unusual – that some words are pronounced differently in certain areas. Another detail that always fascinates me when travelling.

    2. Athens is such an amazing, vibrat, full of culture and history. I loved it there. Going back to Grece this summer also.

  39. Oh I loved reading your story, you have seen so much more of Athens than we managed to do on a weekend. I might just need to go back again!

    1. Yes, a weekend is certainly too short. I stayed four days and didn’t get to see all I wanted – let alone spending a day at Pireus or on the beach. There’s always a reason to come back to Athens, I guess 😉

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